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Heart Disease Websites and Studies


American Heart Association

Healthy Heart Guide
Find out about lowering your risk of heart disease. Covers the risk factors to recognize and treat as well as a heart healthy diet and exercise regimen.

Live Healthier, Live Longer

American College of Cardiology

American College of Chest Physicians

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


Hypertension and Acupuncture
Hypertension and Massage Therapy
Hypertension and Yoga

  • Coronary heart disease risk factors in women. Before menopause, coronary heart disease is infrequent in women, whereas for men it's the leading single factor in death. However, studies show that women not on estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) over age 54 have a marked increase in heart disease. Estrogen replacement therapy may lower the risk of atherosclerosis in women, thereby lowering the incidences of heart disease. Eur Heart, Feb 1998.
  • Antioxidant effects on heart disease. The recent interest in antioxidants and their effects on heart disease is leading to serious studies on the association. Vitamin E and beta-carotene are receiving the most interest; studies in animal models of atherosclerosis suggest that the vitamins retard oxidation in fat cells, thus decreasing artery blockages. Br J Clin Pharmacol, Oct 1997.
  • Coronary heart disease and African-Americans. A study measured the incidence of coronary heart disease in white and African-American people. Researchers found that the risk was higher in African-American women between 25 and 54 years of age than for white women the same age. However, African-American men between 25 and 74 years had fewer incidences of heart diseases than their white counterparts. Ann Intern Med, Jul 15, 1997.

References and Sources: Medline, Pubmed, National Institutes of Health.

last update: December 2008

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