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Panic Disorder

Acknowledgments This booklet was written by Mary Lynn Hendrix, science writer in the Office of Scientific Information, National Institute of Mental Health. Scientific review was provided by Frederick K. Goodwin, M.D.; Hagop Akiskal, M.D.; David Barlow, Ph.D.; Bernard Beitman, M.D.; Susan Blumenthal, M.D.; Alan Leshner, Ph.D.; Jack Maser, Ph.D.; Larry Michelson, Ph.D.; Jerilyn Ross, M.A., L.I.C.S.W.; Michael Telch, Ph.D.; Gary Tucker, M.D.; Thomas Uhde, M.D.; Myrna Weissman, Ph.D.; and Sally Winston, Psy.D.

This booklet is provided by the NIMH Panic Disorder Education Program. For more information, call 1-800-64-PANIC.

    U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
    Public Health Service

    National Institutes of Health
    National Institute of Mental Health

    NIH Publication No. 95-3509
    Printed 1993, Reprinted 1995


Updated: September 13, 2001 REFERENCES Barlow, D.H., and Craske, M.G. Mastery of Your Anxiety and Panic. Albany, NY: Graywind Publications, 1988.

Beck, A.T., and Emery, G., with Greenberg, R. Anxiety Disorders and Phobias: A Cognitive Perspective. New York: Basic Books, 1985.

Gold, M.S. The Good News About Panic, Anxiety, and Phobias. New York: Bantam, 1989.

Greist, J.H., and Jefferson, J.W. Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia: A Guide. Madison, WI: Anxiety Disorders Center and Information Centers, University of Wisconsin, 1992.

Hecker, J.E., and Thorpe, G.L. Agoraphobia and Panic: A Guide to Psychological Treatment. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon, 1992.

Katon, W. Panic Disorder in the Medical Setting. NIH Pub. No. 93-3482. Washington, DC: Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1993.

Kernodle, W.D. Panic Disorder. Richmond, VA: William Byrd Press, 1991.

Klerman, G.L., et al., eds. Panic Anxiety and Its Treatments. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press, 1993.

Mathews, A.M.; Gelder, M.G.; and Johnston, D.W. Agoraphobia: Nature and Treatment. New York and London: Guilford Press, 1981.

National Institutes of Health. NIH Consensus Development Conference Statement, Vol. 9, No. 2. Treatment of Panic Disorder. Bethesda, MD: NIH, September 1991.

Rachman, S., and Maser, J.D. Panic: Psychological Perspectives. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum Associates, 1988.

Sheehan, D.V. The Anxiety Disease. New York: Bantam, 1986.

Wilson, R.R. Don't Panic: Taking Control of Anxiety Attacks. New York: Harper and Row, 1986.



Brain and Mental Health


References and Sources: Medline, Pubmed, National Institutes of Health


last update: February 2009


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